History of Lab Automation

Laboratory automation was made possible through advances in instrumentation, robotics, and computers.

1941-5 First automated laboratory devices (distilation units, automatic titrators, polarographs, recording instruments, water stills)
 
1946 First general purpose computer
 
1950s Microtitler plate (microplate) developed
 
1951 First teleoperated articulated arm
 
1952 First numerically-controlled machine tool demonstrated
 
1954 First programmable robot
 
1960 Transistors replace vacuum tubes
 
1961-62 First industrial robot (Unimate)
 
1965 Carnegie Mellon Universiiy establishes Robotics Institute
 
1967 First robot imported into Japan
 
1969 First programmable controller (PLC)
 
1970s 96-well microplate format introduced
 
1970 Standard Arm designed
 
1976 Viking 1 and 2 space probes use robot arms and microprocessor incorporated into the design
 
1983 First microprocessor-based motion controller
 
1996 Association for Laboratory Automation (ALA) formed
 
1997 RoboDesign International founded
 
1997 Mars Pathfinder robot lands on Mars
 
2003 Human Genome project presented complete version
 
2005 Let's Go Robotics founded